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In the early 1980s, Cambodia was emerging from a period of political conflict and instability. Much of the physical and human infrastructure of education had been destroyed and needed to be restored quickly. The 1990s saw a period of emergency relief and reconstruction, with heavy dependence on external assistance from donor agencies and nongovernment organizations (NGOs). Recognizing the need for improved coordination of external assistance, the Government approved an Education Investment Plan 1995–2000. Despite significant external aid over the decade (though declining in the late 1990s), the Government’s own Education for All (EFA) 2000 Assessment acknowledged disappointing sector performance and the need for more sustainable and policy-led reform. Download Full Article (PDF)