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1. Introduction

This  paper  is  written  as  part  of  my  consultancy  with  the  Cambodian  Alliance  for  Combating  HIV/AIDS (CACHA). The consultancy  is an  integral part of a  larger research project by CACHA  that  aims  to  advocate  for  positive  change  in  the  approaches,  practices,  policies,  and mechanisms employed  by  authorities,  development  partners,  service  providers  and  civil  society  vis:à:vis Universal Access  (to  treatment  for HIV)  and  the  right  to work  through  strategic partnership with entertainment/sex workers. The  primary  purpose  of  the  paper  is  to  identify  the  challenges  of  the 2008 ‘Law on Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation’ on the ‘right to work’ of ‘entertainment/sex workers’. The paper addresses four key issues outlined in the consultancy Term of Reference  (TOR):  (1) Comparison of Khmer version of  law with English  translation:especially looking at sections which appear to make sex work illegal; (2) Assessment of the workability of the new  law and guidelines based on experiences  in other  jurisdictions:  including South Korea which passed  a  similar  law  four  years  ago;  (3) Overview  of  abuses  under  new  law  and  anti:trafficking campaigns  from collected  reports,  interviews,  and case  studies; and  (4) Making  recommendations for the amendment of the law taking into account the Cambodian legal system.

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*Thanks Mr. Chenda Keo, a Ph.D student at the Australian National University, for the contribution of this paper.