Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Original post: Model of Khmer Chariot

This model is displayed here to illustrate a typical Khmer chariot used in battles.

Chola – Khmer Alliance:
Some historians have interpreted that the gift of the Khmer chariot from Suryavarman I to Rajendrachola is the Khmer response to a threat and military pressure from Srivijaya. The date of the gift would correspond to the strongest period of Srivijaya’s control over the Straits trade route.

The famous scholar of Southeast Asian archaeology and history, George Coedès connected the Khmer request for Chola aid to the internal politics of the Angkorian empire. In doing so, he noted the statement of the Prasat Ben inscription, that Jayaviravarman’s “universal glory was not destroyed by the times. Although beaten, he remained stable on the earth”.

Coedès suggested that the gift of the “King of Kambuja” in the ‘Karanthai Copper Plates’ corresponded in time to a Khmer military campaign into the Chao Phraya river valley and was Suryavarman’s request for Chola aid against his rival Jayaviravarman and Tambralinga.

Faced with a possible Chola-Khmer alliance, Tambralinga turned for aid to Srivijaya. In Coedès’ view, the result of this complicated diplomacy was the Chola raid, which, as expressed in the Tanjore inscription, was directed at Srivijaya and its ports – one of which was Tambralinga (Madamalingam). Completing his argument, Coedès stated that the Chola expedition led to the reintroduction of Khmer influence in the Thai-Malay peninsula during the second quarter of the 12th Century CE.